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Persian Empire Population

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The Persian Empire had a great impact on the region and its people. Cyrus ruled through fear and tolerance. Once people were conquered, he showed them much generosity.

The name Iran derives from the word “Aryan,” and in the first half of the first millennium, BC Iranian-speaking peoples moved gradually into the area of the Zagros mountains, the largest groups being the Medes and the Persians.

Persian Empire Population

More effective use of iron tools and irrigation from the ninth to the seventh centuries BC enabled the Iranians to farm more successfully and increase population in the plains.

Persian Empire Facts

Parsi or Persian was the language of the Parsa people who ruled Iran between 550 – 330 BCE. It belongs to what scholars call the Indo-Iranian group of languages. It became the language of the Persian Empire and was widely spoken in the ancient days ranging from the borders of India in the east, Russian in the north, the southern shores of the Persian Gulf to Egypt and the Mediterranean in the west.

Even though the Persians had advanced forms of art and science, in Greek literature the Persians were referred to as Barbarians; when Greece entered historic times, the Persian Empire was in decline and their influence was restricted to eastern Asia Minor, India, and Egypt; their constant threats to the Greek colonies in Asia Minor and the Aegean Sea were merely a prelude to the invasion of the Greek mainland in 490 and 480 BCE.

The creamy populace of the Persian Empire had furniture in their houses such as beds, chairs, etc. They lived in palaces made of timber, stone, and brick. They had glittering gardens. The tables they used were overlaid with silver, gold, ivory, etc. They also possessed tapestries and carpets.

Persian Empire Population

While the situation with middle-class people was quite different. Their houses were made of mud brick and the structure was quite simple like huts. If they were quite well off they might live in a house of several rooms arranged around a courtyard.

But the poor people just had a single room with very basic furniture. Agriculture was the economic foundation of classical Persia. A people called the Medes controlled the land that connects east and west Asia. The land was called Media. In this land were small Persian kingdoms. Around 550 B.C. Cyrus the Great, a Persian king, took control of lands from the Medes.

Achaemenid Empire

During the seventh century B.C., the Persians were led by Hakamanish (Achaemenes, in Greek), ancestor of the Achaemenid dynasty. A descendant, Cyrus II (also known as Cyrus the Great or Cyrus the Elder), led the combined forces of the Medes and the Persians to establish the most extensive empire known in the ancient world.